The Early Clues: Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a unique experience for a woman that potentially transforms her life forever. The dynamic phase of motherhood begins with pregnancy. A woman experiences a new set of signs and symptoms of pregnancy which marks the onset of a new stage in her life.

The pregnancy and childbirth journey is different for every woman making it unique and exclusive to her. Similarly, pregnancy’s early signs and symptoms vary from woman to woman, depending on her age, health conditions, gestational age, and other factors. 

Pregnancy often can result due to an unplanned event, while most couples prefer sticking to the childbirth plan. As soon as the pregnancy is confirmed, women must begin analyzing their bodies and the changes they experience. 

Understanding these early signs and symptoms can assist in seeking the necessary care and support. 

Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy

Missed Period 

One of the first and most certain indications of pregnancy is a missed menstruation cycle, scientifically referred to as amenorrhea. This happens when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus, and the body begins to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone that supports a pregnancy. 

The typical duration of a menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it can vary from 21 to 35 days. If a woman’s period does not start as expected and she has gone at least a week beyond the anticipated start date, this is considered a missed period.

Nausea and Vomiting

These are one of the most widely known pregnancy symptoms. Approximately 85% of pregnant women are affected by nausea and vomiting. Commonly known as morning sickness, nausea can affect pregnant women throughout the day. 

The elevated levels of HCG and oestrogen are considered to be the culprits for these symptoms. While these signs can be uncomfortable, they are usually not harmful and tend to improve after the first trimester.


Research suggests that fatigue is one of the most common symptoms reported by pregnant women, and it can occur as early as one week after conception.

Nearly all expecting mothers experience fatigue as an early sign of pregnancy. The elevated levels of progesterone hormone, which supports pregnancy, cause drowsiness and make women feel more tired than usual. 

Breast Changes

Another early sign of pregnancy affecting over 90% of pregnant females is the changes in breasts. Women undergo significant bodily changes during this phase of life, majorly due to the enhanced production of pregnancy hormones. 

Breast tenderness, swelling, and tingling sensations are reported due to elevated oestrogen and progesterone hormone levels. Nipple tenderness and enlarged breasts are also included in this series of breast changes. These changes occur in the early weeks and may continue throughout the pregnancy.

Cravings & Aversions

Almost 50% of expectant mothers experience cravings and aversions to certain foods during pregnancy. While hormonal changes are the main culprit for this sign, several nutritional deficiencies and enhanced senses of taste and smell contribute to it.

Frequent Urination

More than half of pregnant women report frequent urination as an early sign of pregnancy, which further strengthens as the pregnancy proceeds. During pregnancy, the bladder becomes hyperactive with enhanced fluid production, causing the need to pee repeatedly. 

Furthermore, the increased blood flow to the pelvic area increases urine production. In addition, as the uterus grows, it puts pressure on the bladder, which can also contribute to frequent urination.

Mood Swings

Mood swings are experienced by approximately 80% of mums-to-be, caused mainly due to the higher levels of progesterone and oestrogen hormones in the body. 

Physical stress, metabolic changes in the body, troubled sleep schedule, and adjustments in the diet also contribute to mood swings and behavioral changes in expectant mothers.


Headaches are another common symptom observed by many women in early pregnancy. The fluctuation of hormones, especially oestrogen, and progesterone, can result in headaches.

Besides this, changes in blood volume and circulation can also contribute to headaches during pregnancy.

Spotting and Cramping

Spotting, also known as implantation bleeding, occurs when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus lining, which can cause some mild spotting. Cramping can also occur due to the uterus stretching and growing to accommodate the developing foetus. 

However, it is essential to note that spotting and cramping can be expected during early pregnancy; they can also signify a potential miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. It is necessary to seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms.

Dizziness and Fainting

Changes in the body’s blood volume and circulation may lead to dizziness and lightheadedness, closely related to low blood pressure. 

Despite being a perfectly normal sign of pregnancy, it can be troublesome for some pregnant women because it can also be a symptom of other illnesses, such as anaemia or hypotension. If you encounter these symptoms, you should consult a medical professional promptly.

Bottom Line

Experiencing pregnancy as a first-time and new mommy-to-be is a much more fascinating yet scary experience. Women at this point in their life undergo a novel set of emotional, physical, and psychological changes.

Many consider it challenging; however, the acknowledgment and appreciation for a new life are growing inside her body. Moreover, the mindset shift brought about by the existence of a tiny being makes her realize her true potential.

It is important to remember that every woman’s pregnancy experience is peculiar, and not all women will experience the same signs and symptoms of pregnancy or intensity. However, understanding these early signs and symptoms can help one recognize that they may be pregnant and seek the necessary care and support. 

So, If you suspect you may be pregnant, it is crucial to take a pregnancy test and seek medical attention from a healthcare professional immediately.

On your pregnancy adventure, we wish you the very best! 

Share this article :
Related Posts:
Parenting Hive Team

Parenting Hive Team

Recent Posts